Armagnac was born in Gascony, a region in South-Western France, at the footstep of the Pyrenees mountains, between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean coasts, a gentle hilly landscape cultivated with vines since the ancient Romans times and dotted with beautiful medieval villages.
Here, in the heart of the appellation Armagnac, is where the ancient city of Condom is situated, and where Janneau carries out all of its Grand Armagnac production.
The geographical area of appellation encompasses the region of Gers, Landes and Lot-et Garonne.
In 1909, President Fallières delimited the AOC region of Armagnac and divided it into three distinct regions according to the variety of their soils: Bas Armagnac, Ténarèze and Haut Armagnac.
Armagnac unique character and high grade of quality are determined by a number of factors unique to this region.
Today, mainly Bas Armagnac and Ténarèze produce the wines for distillation: more than 15000 hectares are used to cultivate traditional vines. The grape growing region is well defined and extends over an area of geologically varying soils: from the clay calcareous soils of Ténarèze to the more sandy soils of Bas Armagnac and the clay limestone soils of Haut Armagnac.
The soil characteristics influence the styles of the eaux-de-vie : more fruity and delicate in Bas Armagnac, more vigorous and full-bodied in Ténarèze and Haut Armagnac.
Janneau has chosen to blend Armagnacs from the three terroirs under the noble appellation “Armagnac”.
The Armagnac region
The main varieties of grapes used for the distilling wines at Janneau are Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche, Colombard, and Baco. All are white grape varieties. Only unfiltered, natural white wines, obtained through traditional vinification methods without racking-off so that the wines still contain their lees, are used to make 'Armagnac’. Immediately after fermentation, the white natural unadulterated wine is distilled . The combination of the resulting eaux-de-vie give Armagnac its inimitable bouquet, vigor and full-body.
A perfect climate for the vines : temperate with mild winters and long hot summers.